Comer 7 Chapter 17 Disorders of Childhood & Adolescence Practice Questions

 

The following questions have been selected from the author’s test bank for Abnormal Psychology. Every question on the midterm exam or the final exam concerning this chapter will be selected from the following list.

 

NOTE: The number(s) in parentheses before the question is (the chapter number and) the page number in the textbook where the answer can be found.  If you wish to have the key for this set of questions send me an e-mail with your proposed answers in accordance with the schedule provided under the heading “To Obtain Answer Keys” on this web site.  Be sure to specify the chapter number for which you are seeking the key. I will send you the key in response. (NOTE: The quiz 1 questions that can be found on the textbook web site are located at the end of these questions. I do not provide the key for the textbook quiz question; they must be obtained from the textbook.)

 

 

1. (17,573)  A female child is diagnosed with autism. Later, as an adult, she is unable to hold a job and has very limited communication skills. Her case is:

A)  very rare; most people diagnosed with autism are males, and their symptoms usually diminish substantially by early adulthood

B)  uncommon; most people diagnosed with autism are males, and their symptoms usually remain severe into adulthood

C)  uncommon; most people diagnosed with autism are females, and their symptoms usually diminish substantially by early adulthood

D)  common; most people diagnosed with autism are females, and their symptoms usually remain severe into adulthood

 

 

2. (17,565) Among other things, a diagnosis of ADHD must include a total of at least:

A)  18 symptoms, lasting at least 6 months

B)  12 symptoms, lasting at least 6 months

C)  18 symptoms, lasting at least 12 months

D)  12 symptoms, lasting at least 12 months

 

 

3. (17,550) Compared to girls, boys are:

A)  less likely to commit suicide

B)  more likely to be well adjusted

C)  more likely to have a diagnosable psychological disorder

D)  somewhat less likely to have a diagnosable psychological disorder

 

 

4. (17,563) The least effective way to deal with conduct disorder is:

A)  prevention programs

B)  teaching children how to deal with their anger

C)  having them live in juvenile training centers

D)  through family intervention

 

 

5. (17,574,D) When a child with autism jumps, flaps her arms, twists her hands and fingers and makes unusual faces, the child is engaging in:

A)  self-injurious behavior

B)  self-communication behavior

C)  self-motor behavior

D)  self-stimulatory behavior

 

 

6. (17,575) “It is possible, even probable, that 'refrigerator parents'—cold, rejecting, rigid—caused this disorder.” This is a reasonable statement about the cause of many cases of:

A)  autism

B)  Asperger's disorder

C)  both autism and Asperger's disorder

D)  neither autism nor Asperger's disorder

 

 

7. (17,551) Symptoms of clinginess, sleep difficulties, and stomach pains (behavioral and somatic complaints) are more characteristic of anxiety disorders:

A)  that are appropriately treated by psychotropic medications

B)  in adolescents rather than in children

C)  in children rather than in adults

D)  in children of former generations rather than of the present generation

 

 

8. (17,557) Boys and girls have about the same percentage chance of being diagnosed with:

A)  oppositional defiant disorder if they are prepubertal

B)  oppositional defiant disorder if they are postpuberty

C)  conduct disorder if they are prepuberty

D)  conduct disorder if they are postpuberty

 

 

9. (17,581) Biological factors appear not to be the most important causes of which level of mental retardation?

A)  profound

B)  moderate

C)  mild

D)  Biological factors are the most important causes of all of these levels of mental retardation.

 

 

10. (17,573) The mockingbird gets its name from the fact that it often imitates the call of other birds, without conveying any particular message. A human who imitates others' speech without really communicating most likely would be diagnosed with:

A)  autism

B)  ADHD

C)  mental retardation

D)  oppositional defiant disorder

 

 

11. (17,562) In effect, parents learn to do behavior therapy with their children diagnosed with conduct disorder—targeting and rewarding desired behaviors, for instance—in an intervention called:

A)  parent-interaction therapy

B)  video tape modeling

C)  parent management training

D)  family-consequence sensitization

 

 

12. (17,583) If I am a member of the American Association of Mental Retardation, I most likely believe that mental retardation should be diagnosed on the basis of:

A)  IQ score

B)  level of adaptive functioning

C)  neurological functioning

D)  level of support needed

 

 

13. (17,559) When a child is diagnosed with two disorders, which of the following statements is most strongly supported by research findings?

A)  Boys diagnosed with conduct disorder are more likely than girls diagnosed with conduct disorder to also be diagnosed with ADHD

B)  Girls diagnosed with conduct disorder are more likely than boys diagnosed with conduct disorder to also be diagnosed with ADHD

C)  Depressive symptoms usually occur before conduct-disorder symptoms

D)  Conduct-disorder symptoms usually occur before ADHD symptoms

 

 

14. (17,561) Conduct disorder has most often been associated with:

A)  genetic or hormonal predisposition

B)  a history of child abuse

C)  poor parent-child relationships

D)  poverty

 

 

15. (17,563) “Will that program really help? I keep hearing bad things about how kids act once they leave.” Based on research, the person who said this would be most accurate if she or he were expressing reservations about:

A)  a juvenile training center

B)  treatment foster care

C)  problem-solving training

D)  an Anger Coping and Coping Power Program

 

 

16. (17,562) “My seven-year-old needs to get help for conduct disorder. What do you recommend?” asks a friend. Of the following alternatives, your best answer is:

A)  “Video tape modeling works especially well with elementary school children”

B)  “Treatment foster care is best, if the program is well-established”

C)  “Parent management training should work best”

D)  “Parent-child interaction therapy would be my recommendation”

 

 

17. (17,555) Which of the following statements supports the conclusion that second generation antidepressants are beneficial (overall) for children?

A)  Only 2% to 4% of children who take them have an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and attempts

B)  The suicide rate decreased 30% after second generation antidepressants were prescribed for children

C)  The FDA requires a “black box” warning about the increased risk of suicide in children on the packages of second generation medications

D)  First generation medications actually work better than second generation medications

 

 

18. (17,578) Recent work has revealed that the most effective treatment for autism has been the use of:

A)  drug therapy

B)  behavioral therapy

C)  educational therapy

D)  psychodynamic-humanistic therapy

 

 

19. (17,563) A child is receiving problem-solving skills training as a treatment for conduct disorder. You can be reasonably sure that:

A)  stimulant drug (e.g. Ritalin) administration is recommended, but not required

B)  the child is a preschooler

C)  the child is female

D)  the techniques used are cognitive behavioral

 

 

20. (17,571) A diagnostician says, “I'm reasonably sure there's a hereditary factor for this disorder, especially since your uncle had the same disorder.” This statement would be least accurate regarding:

A)  conduct disorder

B)  encopresis

C)  enuresis

D)  autism

 

 

21. (17,572) The child most likely to show the first symptom of autistic disorder would be a:

A)  boy under 3 years old

B)  girl under 3 years old

C)  boy over 5 years old

D)  girl over 5 years old

 

 

22. (17,565) A child's distracting behaviors occur only in a school setting, and include failure to follow instructions and finish work, answering questions before they have been completed, and a lot of seat squirming and fidgeting. Could ADHD be a diagnosis of this child?

A)  Yes, it could be a diagnosis

B)  No; the child's symptoms started at too young an age

C)  No; the child's symptoms occur in only one setting

D)  Yes, it could be, but only if the fidgeting is distracting to others

 

 

23. (17,575) A person diagnosed with Asperger's disorder is extremely curious about why other people think what they think, and has zero tolerance for others' occasionally illogical thinking. According to one classification system (with apologies for sexist language), the term for this individual would be:

A)  emotion boy

B)  rational boy

C)  rule boy

D)  logic boy

 

 

24. (17,550) Surveys show that ______ is a common experience for close to half of all children in the United States.

A)  worry

B)  depression

C)  anxiety

D)  substance abuse

 

 

25. (17,571) A child is awakened during the night, goes to and uses the toilet, and receives a sticker and praise from a parent. Later in the week, accumulated stickers may be turned in for a highly desired toy. This child is undergoing:

A)  dry-bed training for enuresis

B)  dry-bed training for encopresis

C)  bell-and-battery therapy for enuresis

D)  bell-and-battery therapy for encopresis

 

 

26. (17,569) Joey has been wetting his bed since he was a baby. He is 10 years old now. As a result, he will not stay over at his friend's house or go to camp. His condition is called:

A)  enuresis

B)  encopresis

C)  conduct disorder

D)  noctural emission

 

 

27. (17,550) Childhood disorders for which there are no direct adult counterparts are:

A)  disruptive disorders

B)  anxiety disorders

C)  mental retardation

D)  elimination disorders

 

 

28. (17,575) According to one psychological view of autism, the inability to take another's perspective is not developed in autistic children. This ability is called:

A)  egocentrism

B)  a theory of mind

C)  social awareness

D)  metacognitive knowledge

 

 

29. (17,567) In terms of Ritalin consumption per person, the greatest increase in Ritalin use in the United States occurred in the:

A)  early 1980s

B)  late 1980s

C)  early 1990s

D)  late 1990s

 

 

30. (17,562) Among the goals of parent-child interaction therapy are all of the following except:

A)  helping parents set realistic goals for their child's behavior

B)  teaching the child better social skills

C)  giving the parents time off by providing respite care

D)  teaching the parents to use fairer discipline practices

 

 

 

31. (17,554) A general disinterest in toys and games in a child, if serious and persistent, would most likely be labeled:

A)  avolition

B)  anhedonia

C)  a somatic complaint

D)  impoverished speech

 

 

 

32. (17,581) Intelligence test results should not be the only things used to determine mental retardation, because intelligence test scores:

A)  are not positively correlated with school performance

B)  lack reliability

C)  don't indicate level of adaptive behavior

D)  lack validity

 

 

33. (17,582) Selina displays normal behavior and intelligence, but she does not seem to be able to explain her actions and intentions as well as you would expect. If the deficit is severe enough, she might be diagnosed with:

A)  dyslexia

B)  a perceptual deficit

C)  attention-deficit/disorder

D)  an expressive-language disorder

 

 

34. (17,573) Assume that you are alone in a room with a child suffering from a disorder of childhood. If you didn't know what the child's diagnosis was, what behavior of the child's might start to convince you that the disorder is autism?

A)  The child argues defiantly with parents

B)  The child is not responsive to other people

C)  The child screams uncontrollably when separated from parents

D)  The child is very active, and finds it difficult to stay on task

 

35. (17,582) Ian has received the diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder. You would expect that he would have a problem:

A)  expressing himself in speech

B)  reading a sentence from a book out loud

C)  buttoning his shirt and dressing in general

D)  listening to a teacher explain how to do a mathematics problem

 

 

36. (17,587) Glenda is in a facility for the mentally retarded. She gets up in her apartment, dresses, and goes to the dining room, where she orders breakfast off a menu. She goes to work in a sheltered workshop. At the end of the day she goes home to her apartment and cleans up for dinner. This arrangement is part of:

A)  deinstitutionalization

B)  a normalization program

C)  mainstreaming

D)  special education

 

 

37. (17,587) Most children with mental retardation live:

A)  at home

B)  in “normalization” residences

C)  in relatively small, county-run institutions

D)  in relatively large, state-run institutions

 

 

38. (17,569) When asked, a parent says, “Why does my kid have ADHD? I guess it's in the genes.” Given this very limited information, your research-based guess would be that the parent is:

A)  African American, and more likely than most to seek treatment for the child

B)  white American, and more likely than most to seek treatment for the child

C)  African American, and less likely than most to seek treatment for the child

D)  white American, and less likely than most to seek treatment for the child

 

 

39. (17,577) A therapist works with an autistic child, providing praise and a small spoonful of ice cream whenever the child imitates a specific sound the therapist makes. The therapist is using what type of therapy?

A)  communication training

B)  community integration

C)  behavioral therapy

D)  play therapy (a form of psychodynamic therapy)

 

 

40. (17,580) Fred has an IQ of 65 and cannot do school work. He lives on the streets by begging, is usually dirty, and is always hungry. He would probably be labeled:

A)  normal

B)  dyslexic

C)  schizophrenic

D)  mentally retarded

 

 

Comer 7 Chapter 17 Quiz 1 (added Spring 2012)

 

1. (p. 563) Which treatment approach is more likely to strengthen juvenile delinquent behavior than to help reduce it?
A. drug therapy
B. institutionalization
C. family therapy
D. individual therapy

2. (p. 587) In ___________, people with mental retardation are grouped together in a separate, specially designated educational program.
A. mainstreaming
B. normalization
C. institutionalization
D. special education

3. (p. 580) Which is the most correct statement about IQ scores?
A. Intelligence tests are not socioculturally biased
B. IQ tests always measure intelligence accurately and objectively
C. IQ scores have a high correlation with school performance
D. IQ tests only measure one aspect of intelligence

4. (p. 558) When children reach school age, therapists often use a family intervention called parent management training to help treat which problem?  
A. conduct disorder
B. autism
C. ADHD
D. encopresis

5. (p. 560) What is the most accurate statement about child sexual abuse?     
A. It is more common among poor parents      
B. Girls and boys are sexually abused at approximately the same rate      
C. Child sexual abuse appears to be equally common across all socioeconomic classes, races, and ethnic groups      
D. Child sexual abuse occurs only inside the home

6. (p. 558) At what age does conduct disorder usually appear?
A. between the ages of 6 and 10
B. between the ages of 3 and 5
C. between the ages of 7 and 15
D. between the ages of 15 and 18

7. (p. 559) According to a Kaiser Family Foundation survey investigating which issues in school are of concern to 8 to 15 year old children, which of the following ranked the highest?
A. discrimination
B. bullying
C. peer pressure to use drugs or alcohol
D. looking differently from others

8. (p. 566-568) Which two treatment modalities are most widely used for ADHD?
A. drugs and cognitive therapy       
B. drugs and family therapy
C. family therapy and behavioral therapy      
D. drugs and behavioral therapy

9. (p. 566) Which would lead to the most reliable diagnosis of ADHD?
brain imaging and bone density tests
A. blood tests and MRI scans
B. parent and teacher reports, clinical observations, observations, interviews, C. psychological tests, and physical exams
D. psychoneurological exams and PET scans

10. (p. 569) Repeated involuntary bedwetting is known as:
A. encopresis
B. conduct disorder
C. paresis
D. enuresis

11. (p. 573) What percentage of children with autism are boys?  Not c,d
A. 95
B. 80
C. 50
D. 35

12. (p. 573-4) Which is not one of the broad categories of autistic symptoms?  
A. lack of responsiveness
B. communication problems
C. repetitive and rigid behaviors
D. delinquent-type behaviors

13. (p. 565) About ___ percent of children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are boys.
A. 50
B. 90
C. 75
D. 35

14. (p. 550) Which two theorists are associated with a stage theory of human development?
A. Freud and Bronfenbrenner
B. Freud and Jung
C. Freud and Erikson
D. Erikson and Skinner

15. (p. 573) The repetition of phrases spoken by others is known as:
A. word salad     
B. pronominal reversal     
C. echolalia     
D. encopresis


16. (17,574) When Mark, who suffers from autistic disorder, was hungry he looked at his mother and asked Do you want dinner? This reversal of pronouns is referred to as:
A. pronominal reversal
B. inversion of references
C. delayed echolalia
D. verbal stereotypy

17. (p. 584) Which of the following abnormal chromosomal situations does not cause Down syndrome?
A. Trisomy 21
B. Mosaicism
C. Fragile X syndrome
D. Translocation

18. (p. 557) As boys and girls get older, the rates of both noncompliant and aggressive behaviors tend to:
A. increase
B. drop
C. stay the same
D. increase for boys but decrease for girls

19. (p. 558) If a child with conduct disorder displays openly aggressive and confrontational behaviors, which pattern of the disorder would that child be displaying?
A. overt-destructive
B. overt-nondestructive
C. covert destructive
D. covert-nondestructive

20. (p. 560)  Children who suffer some form of abuse are most likely to be abused by:
A. a stranger
B. a sibling
C. a parent
D. a teacher