Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 12 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

According to Piaget, a child between the ages of 5 and 7 can apply logical principles to:

 

A)

abstractions, such as truth and justice.

 

B)

chemistry and physics.

 

C)

concrete and visible examples.

 

D)

questions of social justice.

 

2.

With concrete operational thought, children can:

 

A)

think logically about tangible things.

 

B)

think logically about abstract ideas.

 

C)

consistently make good decisions.

 

D)

solve most problems on their own.

 

3.

Seven-year-old Hannah can arrange 10 buttons in order from smallest to largest. Her understanding of which of the following concepts allows her to accomplish this?

 

A)

conservation

 

B)

transitive inference

 

C)

seriation

 

D)

abstract reasoning

 

4.

Which of the following is a crucial difference between Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories of learning?

 

A)

Piaget emphasized the child's own discovery processes, while Vygotsky stressed the importance of instruction.

 

B)

Vygotsky emphasized the child's own discovery processes, while Piaget stressed the importance of instruction.

 

C)

Piaget believed that school-age children were capable of rote memorization, and Vygotsky believed that they were not.

 

D)

Vygotsky believed that school-age children were capable of rote memorization, and Piaget believed that they were not.

 

5.

The memory system in which signals are held for less than a second, yet long enough for one to process them further, if so desired, is called ________ memory.

 

A)

short-term

 

B)

working

 

C)

sensory

 

D)

holding

 

6.

Sonja is studying for an exam while her roommate is talking to her boyfriend on the phone. Sonja cannot concentrate on her books because she is unable to use:

 

A)

metacognition.

 

B)

divided attention.

 

C)

selective attention.

 

D)

common sense.

 

7.

Identify the best example of selective attention.

 

A)

Ryan reads while other children in the room are singing.

 

B)

Shelley decides to do her math homework before going outside to play.

 

C)

Bill is drawing a picture, but he is distracted by his brother's radio.

 

D)

Karen is fixing a snack, trying to work on puzzles, and listening to the radio.

 

8.

Which of the following abilities is necessary in order for children to be aware of what they already know and what they still need to learn?

 

A)

metacognition

 

B)

automatization

 

C)

control processes

 

D)

abstract reasoning

 

9.

A lack of understanding of metaphors in middle childhood, even if a child has a large vocabulary, signifies:

 

A)

normal development.

 

B)

cognitive problems.

 

C)

language problems.

 

D)

memory problems.

 

10.

According to research conducted by Snyder, which of the following statements most accurately reflects the public perception of schools in the United States?

 

A)

Most parents of home-schooled children rate private schools to be better than public schools.

 

B)

Most adults rate schools in their own communities lower than schools nationwide.

 

C)

Most nonparent adults rate the schools in their community lower than the parent adults.

 

D)

Most nonparent adults rate private schools higher than public schools.

 

11.

The name for the unspoken and often unrecognized lessons that children learn in school which are the unofficial, unstated, or implicit rules and priorities that influence the academic curriculum and every other aspect of learning in school is:

 

A)

territorial imperative.

 

B)

whole language theory.

 

C)

socioeconomic divide.

 

D)

hidden curriculum.

 

12.

John has moved to Spain with his family. He attends a public school. All of his school subjects are taught in Spanish. John is learning Spanish through:

 

A)

Spanish-as-a-second-language program.

 

B)

ESL programs.

 

C)

immersion.

 

D)

bilingual education.

 

13.

In the rankings on math achievement (TIMSS), which of the countries does the textbook report to have scored the lowest in 2007?

 

A)

Singapore

 

B)

The United States

 

C)

Canada

 

D)

Yemen

 

 

14.

In the rankings on math achievement (TIMSS), which of these countries did the textbooks report to have scored the highest in 2003?

 

A)

Singapore

 

B)

The United States

 

C)

Canada

 

D)

Iran

 

15.

Which of the following statements is true regarding gender differences in math and reading abilities?

 

A)

Boys are better at math, and girls are better at reading across all cultures.

 

B)

In Asian countries, girls score consistently higher in math than boys.

 

C)

Differences between nations are far greater than differences between genders.

 

D)

In Scotland, boys average several points higher in reading than girls.

 

 

16.

In most nations, who determines matters regarding public education?

 

A)

central government

 

B)

parents

 

C)

local jurisdictions

 

D)

religious institutions