Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 21 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

The idea that intelligence is a single entity has been:

 

A)

suggested only recently.

 

B)

contradicted by Spearman's idea of a g factor.

 

C)

supported by most psychologists.

 

D)

implied by tests of intelligence that result in an overall IQ score.

 

2.

Early studies of adult intelligence led researchers to the conclusion that intelligence in adulthood:

 

A)

is plastic and variable, and may either increase or decrease.

 

B)

increases slowly during the 20s and early 30s, and declines thereafter.

 

C)

peaks at about age 18, remains stable until the mid-20s, and declines thereafter.

 

D)

is most significantly affected by experience, such as war traumas.

 

3.

The idea that intelligence declines throughout adulthood was:

 

A)

supported by early cross-sectional studies.

 

B)

supported by early longitudinal studies.

 

C)

proposed by Schaie and Baltes.

 

D)

never seriously considered by psychologists.

 

4.

The first evidence to contradict the assumption that intelligence declines with age was demonstrated by:

 

A)

Bayley and Oden.

 

B)

Schaie.

 

C)

Terman and Binet.

 

D)

Wechsler.

 

5.

A problem with longitudinal research on intelligence is that:

 

A)

it is usually distorted by cohort effects, especially in older participants.

 

B)

few people participate in such research voluntarily.

 

C)

people of lesser intelligence tend to volunteer for retesting.

 

D)

practice on the test items may produce learning.

 

6.

When Schaie conducted cross-sectional research comparing the cognitive abilities of adults of different ages, he found:

 

A)

a gradual increase in intellectual ability with age.

 

B)

a gradual decline in intellectual ability with age.

 

C)

a sudden decline in intelligence in middle adulthood.

 

D)

no age-related patterns of intellectual development.

 

7.

The research design that involves testing groups of subjects of different ages multiple times and comparing their scores with their own scores in previous periods and with the scores of new groups of adults of the same ages is called:

 

A)

longitudinal or long-term research.

 

B)

cross-sectional research.

 

C)

cross-sequential research.

 

D)

retesting research.

 

8.

Schaie's cross-sequential research on intellectual development demonstrated that:

 

A)

there is a decline in most abilities after age 30.

 

B)

individuals improve in most mental abilities during adulthood.

 

C)

cohort differences make it appear that older people are more intelligent than younger people.

 

D)

women are smarter than men.

 

9.

Which of the following statements about fluid intelligence is true?

 

A)

It is the accumulation of facts.

 

B)

It is quick and flexible.

 

C)

It includes long-term memory for dates in history.

 

D)

It includes the size of one's vocabulary.

 

10.

Of the following, the best example of fluid intelligence is:

 

A)

knowledge of the names and dates of the monarchs of Great Britain.

 

B)

the ability to quickly perceive logical relationships between words.

 

C)

knowledge of computer terminology.

 

D)

the ability to read and interpret an electrocardiogram.

 

11.

To test fluid intelligence, a psychologist would be likely to measure:

 

A)

size of vocabulary.

 

B)

definitions of technical words.

 

C)

knowledge of chemical formulas.

 

D)

inductive reasoning.

 

12.

The ability that involves crystallized intelligence to the greatest extent is:

 

A)

solving an intellectual puzzle.

 

B)

interpreting a chemical formula.

 

C)

using words in an unusually creativity manner.

 

D)

analyzing relations between concepts.

 

13.

During adulthood, fluid intelligence:

 

A)

remains about the same.

 

B)

increases.

 

C)

decreases.

 

D)

decreases only if crystallized intelligence also declines.

 

14.

Which of the following statements about changes in intelligence is true?

 

A)

Overall, intelligence decreases gradually throughout adulthood.

 

B)

Schooling has relatively little to do with the development of intelligence.

 

C)

Adult intelligence follows a single pattern of development.

 

D)

Age-related declines are first noted for skills that require speed of response.

 

15.

When students take multiple-choice exams, they are using the form of intelligence that Sternberg calls:

 

A)

academic.

 

B)

creative.

 

C)

practical.

 

D)

analytic.

 

16.

Creative intelligence requires ______ thinking.

 

A)

divergent

 

B)

convergent

 

C)

adaptive

 

D)

practical

 

17.

Practical intelligence would be most needed to:

 

A)

study vocabulary for a foreign language test.

 

B)

take a standard intelligence test.

 

C)

improve reading speed.

 

D)

understand the needs of family members.

 

18.

Anne is a corporate executive in her late 50s who has thrived in a fast-paced, multitasking, sleep-deprived world for many years. Now she makes careless errors, must focus on one task at a time, and often feels tired. Why?

 

A)

She may be experiencing hypertension.

 

B)

She is exhibiting early signs of Alzheimer's disease.

 

C)

She is experiencing a normal shallow decline in brain-dependent abilities.

 

D)

Her brain size has been reduced to such an extent that she is no longer able to complete many tasks.

 

19.

In his or her special area, the expert is more likely than the novice to:

 

A)

experiment or deviate from the usual way of doing things.

 

B)

give conscious attention to all aspects of performance.

 

C)

rely on formal procedures to solve a problem.

 

D)

verbalize exactly how he or she achieves results.

 

20.

When the thought required for an action has become routine, and it appears that most aspects of the task are performed instinctively, the performance of the task is:

 

A)

automatic.

 

B)

optimized.

 

C)

compensated.

 

D)

efficient.

 

21.

Data from the Seattle Longitudinal Study demonstrated that as adults grow older, their intellectual functioning increases if they:

 

A)

do paid work that is intellectually challenging.

 

B)

do any type of work as long as they are paid for it.

 

C)

do work that represents an increase in their previous pay level.

 

D)

perform the tasks of everyday life.