Suffolk County Community College

 

PSY-210  Lifespan Psychology                                            Prof. R. Morse                                      

 

Berger 8th Ed. Ch 24 Practice Questions

 

The Multiple Choice questions that follow are taken from a Test Bank developed by Kathleen Stassen Berger, the author of our textbook.  The answers to these questions can be obtained by sending me an e-mail with your proposed answer key.  Some of these questions will appear on your Final exam.

1.

According to the textbook, what is one of the changes that happens to the brain during senescence?

 

A)

Neural fluid increases.

 

B)

Mylenation thickens.

 

C)

Cerebral blood circulates more slowly.

 

D)

The corpus callosum increases.

 

2.

The primary reason older people receive less input into their brains is that:

 

A)

they are less interested in life.

 

B)

their senses decline, reducing the sensory input.

 

C)

their threshold increases.

 

D)

they are not able to store information.

 

3.

When asked to name objects pictured, older adults tend to do _______ than when they are asked to point to an object pictured.

 

A)

better

 

B)

the same

 

C)

worse

 

D)

They are not able to do either one.

 

4.

One function of working memory is:

 

A)

temporary storage of information for conscious use.

 

B)

long-term storage of unconscious information.

 

C)

storage of visual and auditory afterimages.

 

D)

prevention of memory loss.

 

5.

Older adults have ___________ vocabularies but _____________ fluency.

 

A)

extensive; limited

 

B)

extensive; extensive

 

C)

limited; limited

 

D)

limited; extensive

 

6.

Which of the following statements is characteristic of the memory of older adults?

 

A)

The spelling of older adults is better than their speech.

 

B)

Older adults are better at recall than recognition.

 

C)

Older adults are less likely to have tip-of-the-tongue forgetfulness.

 

D)

Older adults are better at recognition than recall.

 

7.

In Schaie's Seattle Longitudinal Study, the cognitive decline of late adulthood was most evident in:

 

A)

fluid intelligence.

 

B)

verbal meaning.

 

C)

processing speed.

 

D)

inductive reasoning.

 

 

8.

What is an important modifier of cognitive decline in late adulthood?

 

A)

training in cognitive skills

 

B)

reminding

 

C)

testing

 

D)

imagination

 

9.

Autopsies show that the brains of Alzheimer victims:

 

A)

have a proliferation of plaques and tangles.

 

B)

exhibit damage from strokes.

 

C)

have shrunk to half of normal size.

 

D)

appear to be normal.

 

10.

When Alzheimer disease appears in middle age rather than old age, it:

 

A)

is benign.

 

B)

progresses more rapidly.

 

C)

progresses more slowly.

 

D)

causes death within a year.

 

11.

The first stage of Alzheimer disease is characterized by:

 

A)

deficits in concentration.

 

B)

absentmindedness about recent events.

 

C)

personality changes.

 

D)

generalized confusion.

 

12.

In the final stage of Alzheimer disease, patients:

 

A)

may eat only a single food or forget to eat at all.

 

B)

may have a firm belief that people are stealing from them.

 

C)

no longer talk.

 

D)

All of the answers are correct.

 

13.

Vascular dementia is caused by:

 

A)

Alzheimer disease.

 

B)

inadequate nutrition.

 

C)

insufficient supply of blood to the brain.

 

D)

environmental toxins.

 

14.

Which of the following behaviors is a characteristic of frontal lobe dementias?

 

A)

more careful planning

 

B)

disinhibited behavior

 

C)

pronounced emotional involvement

 

D)

memory loss

 

15.

A main symptom in Lewy body dementia is loss of:

 

A)

inhibition.

 

B)

memory.

 

C)

speech.

 

D)

small motor control.

 

16.

The fact that many older people begin to demonstrate an interest in painting, music, or woodworking supports the idea that older people:

 

A)

find that boredom is a major problem.

 

B)

develop an appreciation for the aesthetic.

 

C)

still have a drive for power.

 

D)

become less interested in other people.

 

17.

Audrey is 85 years old and has begun a life review. Her primary reason for doing this is probably to:

 

A)

entertain younger generations.

 

B)

embellish her past experiences.

 

C)

put her life into perspective.

 

D)

escape her present circumstances.

 

18.

Dorothy has begun keeping a detailed journal that includes stories of her childhood to early adulthood. She plans to pass her journal down to her grandchildren as a family history and so that they can know her in a more intimate way. Her journal writing is a form of:

 

A)

aesthetics.

 

B)

catharsis.

 

C)

life review.

 

D)

confession.

 

19.

Which of the following attributes is associated with wisdom?

 

A)

age

 

B)

practical life experience

 

C)

gender

 

D)

intelligence